Why does primary has more turns than secondary of transformer ?

The primary winding of a transformer typically has more turns than the secondary winding to achieve the desired voltage transformation ratio. By increasing the number of turns in the primary winding relative to the secondary winding, the transformer can step down or step up the voltage according to the required output.

The primary winding is larger than the secondary winding to accommodate the voltage transformation process efficiently. This size difference allows for the proper distribution and utilization of magnetic flux within the transformer core, ensuring effective performance.

When the primary winding has more turns than the secondary winding in a transformer, it results in a step-down transformer configuration. This means that the output voltage is lower than the input voltage, according to the turns ratio between the windings.

A higher number of turns in the primary winding compared to the secondary winding indicates that the transformer is designed to reduce the voltage level from the primary to the secondary side. This configuration is essential for various applications where voltage reduction is necessary.

If a transformer has more secondary windings than primary windings, it operates as a step-up transformer. This configuration results in an output voltage that is higher than the input voltage, according to the turns ratio between the windings.

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