The SI unit of entropy is joules per kelvin (J/K). Entropy is a thermodynamic quantity that measures the amount of disorder or randomness in a system. In SI units, entropy is expressed as energy per unit temperature, where joules (J) is the unit of energy and kelvin (K) is the unit of temperature. This unit indicates how much energy is dispersed or unavailable for doing work as a system moves from one state to another.

The correct unit for entropy, as per the International System of Units (SI), is joules per kelvin (J/K). This unit is derived from the fundamental units of energy (joules) and temperature (kelvin), reflecting the thermodynamic definition of entropy as a measure of the system’s thermal energy per unit temperature.

In the context of Class 11 (presumably referring to introductory thermodynamics in educational curriculum), entropy is typically taught with its SI unit of joules per kelvin (J/K). This unit is fundamental in understanding how entropy relates to the energy distribution and thermal characteristics of a system, especially in processes involving heat transfer and energy dissipation.

Standard entropy, often denoted as S∘S^\circS∘, refers to the entropy of a substance under standard conditions (usually at 1 atmosphere pressure and a specified temperature, often 25°C or 298 K). The unit for standard entropy, like all entropy measurements, remains joules per kelvin (J/K). This standard reference allows for consistent comparisons of entropy values across different substances and conditions.

Enthalpy, denoted as HHH, is another thermodynamic quantity that combines the internal energy of a system with the product of pressure and volume. The SI unit of enthalpy is also joules (J), as it represents energy, similar to entropy. However, enthalpy is not per kelvin (K) like entropy; instead, it directly measures the total energy content of a system under constant pressure conditions.

The units of entropy are joules per kelvin (J/K) because entropy represents the amount of energy per unit temperature that is dispersed or unavailable for work in a system. This definition ties directly to the fundamental principles of thermodynamics, where entropy quantifies the thermal characteristics and energy distribution within a system as it undergoes changes in temperature and energy state.

Specific entropy, denoted as sss, refers to entropy per unit mass of a substance. Its unit is the same as that of entropy in general thermodynamic terms: joules per kelvin per kilogram (J/(K·kg)). Specific entropy is useful in analyzing the entropy changes within substances and comparing their entropy content relative to their mass, providing insights into heat transfer processes and energy transformations.