What is the difference between resistor capacitor and inductor?

What is the difference between resistor capacitor and inductor?

Resistances dissipate energy in the form of heat, capacitors store energy in an electric field, and inductors store energy in a magnetic field.  Resistors interfere with alternating and continuous currents and resistance never changes. No fees are stored.

Capacitors block completely. They pass this and the impedance depends on the frequency. The charge is stored in an electric field. The inductors are passed by DC with a certain delay and an AC starter. Again the impedance depends on the frequency. The charge is stored in a magnetic field.

Resistance is like a friction that wastes your energy. The resistance resists the current flow. This is due to the collision of electrons in the driver; it warms up the driver after a while.

Capacitor and inductor are both energy storage elements. But the way they store energy is different. Capacitor stores energy as an electrostatic field. Inductance stores in the form of electromagnetic field. The capacitor can store more energy than the inductor.

For example, the inductor is like a light bulb. Whenever he is excited, it takes little time to switch on and off. But the capacitor is like a chariot, where filling and emptying takes time.

Consider this example and forget the words like electromagnetic and static field.

Resistance, capacitor and inductor form linear relationships between voltage and current. All three are elementary circuit elements. Resistance is the simplest circuit element. In a resistor, the voltage is proportional to the current, with a constant of proportionality, called resistance.

Capacitor is the place to store the load. The charge in the capacitor is proportional to the voltage; the proportionality constant or the capacity is expressed in units of farads (f), named after the English physicist Michael faraday. If the voltage across a capacitor is constant, the intensity of the current is zero.

The inductor stores the magnetic flux. High value inductors are able to store more flux. The inductances are expressed in units of henries (h), named after the doctor Joseph Henry.

A resistor is a piece of conductor specifically designed to oppose the flow of current (think of a thin carbon rod), it will react in the same way to DC and AC currents.

a capacitor consists of two conductive plates separated by a non-conductive, it will block the DC current, but will pass ca behaving a bit like a resistor (called impedance, and depends on the voltage and frequency), it will store the continuous charging like a mini battery (empties in seconds, but also recharges in seconds).

An inductor is a piece of wire (usually) that conducts DC, and will be a heavy impedance on AC (depends on current and frequency), and will act in the other way from a capacitor, when a capacitor will have a low impedance at high frequency, an inductor will be a high impedance and conversely at low frequency.

A capacitor stores energy in the form of electrostatic charges, an inductor in the form of a magnetic field.


Google serves cookies to analyze traffic to this site and for serving personalized ads. Learn more