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What is the resistor colour code?

What is the resistor colour code?

Resistance values are often indicated by color codes, Resistor color code is identification of that resistor’s resistance, some resistor is very small in size and some very big but its value can be easily identify based on colors draw on it.

Virtually all the main resistors up to one watt are marked with color strips. The coding is defined in the international standard IEC 60062. This standard describes the marking codes for resistors and capacitors.

These also include numeric codes, for example, often used for SMD resistors. The color code is given by several bands. Together, they specify the resistance value, the tolerance and, sometimes, the reliability or failure rate. The number of bands varies from three to six. At least two bands indicate the resistance value and one band serves as a multiplier. The resistance values are standardized, these values are called preferred values.

Why are resistors colour coded?

Resistors are color coded to provide a visual representation of their resistance value, tolerance, and sometimes temperature coefficient. The color coding system allows for quick and easy identification of a resistor’s properties without the need for complex measurements or instruments.

The color code is typically represented by a series of colored bands painted or printed on the body of the resistor. Each color represents a specific digit or value, and the sequence of colors determines the resistor’s resistance value. The standard color code follows a defined pattern and is consistent across resistors produced by different manufacturers.

The color bands on a resistor can indicate various parameters, including resistance value, tolerance (the permissible deviation from the specified resistance value), and sometimes temperature coefficient (how the resistance changes with temperature). By interpreting the color code, one can determine the resistance value and other specifications of the resistor, which is crucial for correctly identifying and using resistors in electronic circuits.

Color coding provides a compact and standardized method of representing resistor values, making it easier for engineers, technicians, and hobbyists to identify and work with resistors efficiently.

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