Home / What is Basic / What is an intuitive explanation of a memristor ?

What is an intuitive explanation of a memristor ?

An intuitive explanation of a memristor involves understanding it as the “memory resistor” or the “fourth fundamental circuit element” alongside resistors, capacitors, and inductors. A memristor, short for “memory resistor,” was first theorized by Leon Chua in 1971 and later realized in 2008 by a team led by HP Labs.

Key Concepts:

  1. Resistance Variation with Charge Flow:
    • In conventional resistors, the resistance remains constant with changes in current flow. However, a memristor’s resistance changes based on the amount of charge that has passed through it.
    • The resistance of a memristor is not just a function of the present charge but is influenced by the historical flow of charge.
  2. Memory of Past Electrical States:
    • A distinctive feature of the memristor is its ability to “remember” its previous electrical states. This memory property is embedded in its resistance characteristics.
    • The memristor retains a resistance value based on the cumulative effect of the charge that has passed through it over time.
  3. Relationship with Flux and Charge:
    • The behavior of a memristor is often described using the relationship between magnetic flux and charge. Changes in the magnetic flux within the device influence its resistance.
    • The interplay between charge and magnetic flux provides the memristor with its unique memory and resistance-modulating capabilities.

Analogy: To provide an analogy, consider a water pipe with a variable valve that adjusts its flow resistance based on the total amount of water that has passed through it. If more water flows through the pipe, the valve adjusts to a resistance level that reflects the cumulative flow history. Similarly, a memristor adjusts its resistance based on the total charge that has passed through it, effectively “remembering” its electrical history.


  1. Memory Devices:
    • Memristors have promising applications in non-volatile memory devices. Their ability to retain resistance values even after power is turned off makes them suitable for next-generation memory technologies.
  2. Neuromorphic Computing:
    • Memristors have gained attention in the field of neuromorphic computing due to their analog resistance modulation capabilities. They can mimic synapse-like behavior, potentially enabling efficient neural network implementations.
  3. Logic Circuits:
    • Memristors can be used in logic circuits, contributing to the development of more energy-efficient and compact computational devices.
  4. Signal Processing:
    • The memory properties of memristors make them suitable for certain signal processing applications where adaptive and history-dependent elements are advantageous.

In conclusion, an intuitive understanding of a memristor involves recognizing it as a unique electrical component that exhibits memory in its resistance behavior. Its applications extend to memory devices, computing, and signal processing, offering potential advantages in terms of efficiency and performance in various electronic systems.

Recent Updates