What are MOSFETs?
In short mosfet means metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors. work with door-controlled spans is mainly used in computers, inverters, etc. The MOSFET transistor is very far the most common transistor and can be used both analog and digital.
The mosfet transistor (semiconductor field effect transistor metal oxide) is a widely used semiconductor device for switching and amplifying electronic signals in electronic devices. the mosfet is an integrated circuit core and can be designed and manufactured in a single chip thanks to these very small sizes.
The mosfet is a four-terminal device with source (s), gate (g), drain (d) and body (b) terminals. the body of the mosfet is frequently connected to the source terminal, making it a three-terminal device such as a field effect transistor. the mosfet is very far the most common transistor and can be used in both analog and digital circuits.
What are the mosfets?
Mosfet stands for metal oxide field effect transistor. the simple answer is that it is a form of transistor with special features. they can be used in many ways. you can use them as a switch, amplifier, for signal processing, waveform formatting and, in digital applications, as gates and / or as inverting buffers. if they are used in analog form, they resemble a variable resistor controlled by an external signal. they can be used with gain to perform amplification.
You can also do wave shaping and filtration. if they are used in a digital state, they are like an activated or deactivated switch controlled by an external signal. and if they are configured with other switches, they can perform logical functions. you essentially configure them for the type of use you want, and they are able to do it for you.
one side is sio2 glass and the other end is a door plate. this design is used to create a potential well in which the electrons continue to vary depending on the grid voltage. this finally gives us a voltage-controlled resistor that can stay in a state after applying a voltage. the family of field effect transistors that uses the mos capacitor in its design is called mosfet.
it has a small gain and it is an amplifier type voltage input and output voltage; bjt is the input voltage, the current output. this last line is confusing, in an electrical circuit, you can still extract the signal you need – current as well as voltage but this design is more appropriate for putting a voltage and getting a voltage. bjt has a large current gain in the emitter follower topology and we apply a voltage around any two terminals [e and b].
other than the technical definition of what is a mosfet, the best way to intuitively see a mosfet is to imagine it as a pipe running through water.
The pipe is controlled by a valve that can open or close, thus controlling the passage of water into the pipe. this is how mosfets are used as switches to control the flow of current and that digital electronics is built. you can imagine using several of these tubes to implement operations, etc., which can then be combined to give additions, subtractions, multiplications, and so on.
now, there is a more interesting property of the pipe. the valve, when used in a certain area, can not only control the flow rate or not of the water, but also decide the shape of the water. therefore, a small valve can control a huge amount of water. it is the basis of amplification and analog electronics.
Now, to put it in jargon terms, a small amount of voltage at the gate of the MOSFET can control a larger and much larger load across the channel. the form at the gate of the voltage is reproduced in the channel, but with amplification. Thus, a sine wave of 1 mv at the gate can become a sinewave of 1v across the channel. and is the basis for all audio, amplification, control, analog-to-digital conversion, etc. This is the gene of the modern digital age.